How vulnerable Phoenix homeowners are being forced to move

By Christina Estes
Published: Wednesday, November 9, 2022 - 5:05am
Updated: Tuesday, November 15, 2022 - 10:41am

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tree in foreground with man and woman sitting on patio in the background
Christina Estes/KJZZ
Neighbors enjoy Alondra Ruiz's patio at Periwinkle Mobile Home Park in Phoenix.

Imagine owning a home and being told you need to move — and take your home with you. That’s the experience for some residents across metro Phoenix as developers buy mobile home parks. 

Periwinkle Mobile Home Park

As workers build apartments for Grand Canyon University students, Alondra Ruiz sits on her patio, worrying about where her family will live.   

“[It was] very painful, you know, to read that letter,” she said.

In April, Ruiz and other residents at Periwinkle Mobile Home Park received notice, as required by law, that they had six months to move. While Ruiz and her husband own their home near 27th Avenue and Camelback Road, they don’t own the land. GCU does. And the university wants to add more student housing.  

“As we know it, they’re a Christian university, right? They have not acted Christian in any way at all,” Ruiz said.

After residents organized marches and caught the attention of a City Council member and state senator, GCU extended the deadline — twice. Now, it’s May 28. 

In a statement, the university said it will provide $5,000 to each mobile home owner to relocate. Residents who leave sooner will receive more, and those who stay until May won’t have to pay $400 in monthly rent between January and May. 

“As Christians, we worship God, the father, son and holy ghost. They worship Grant, Jefferson and Jackson,” said resident Jerry Suter. 

"As Christians, we worship God, the father, son and holy ghost. They worship Grant, Jefferson and Jackson."
—Jerry Suter, Periwinkle resident

He doesn’t like the way GCU’s campus has grown. “They built all these buildings around here, I counted 26. Leave us alone. They don’t need this one more building.”

Suter has spent 28 of his 83 years at Periwinkle, almost a decade living next to Ruiz who, earlier this year, took him to the hospital when he suffered a heart attack. 

“I lived in an apartment on Camelback for five years, I didn’t even know my next-door neighbor. I’d go out and say hi, they’d just walk away, they wouldn’t say nothing,” he said. “Here, I know almost everyone in the park.”

man sitting in a chair next to small table with woman sitting in chair on opposite side
Christina Estes/KJZZ
Jerry Suter and Alondra Ruiz are longtime residents of Periwinkle Mobile Home Park in Phoenix.

Pleading to leaders 

In September, the Phoenix City Council unanimously approved nearly a million dollars for churches to provide emergency shelters for people experiencing homelessness. And Mayor Kate Gallego pointed out the city has committed more than $100 million to support housing and homeless services in the past three months. 

“We’re going to keep doing more, but I think it is important to recognize this is an unprecedented level of commitment for the city of Phoenix,” she said. “And we would welcome other levels of government and other municipalities who also want to do more.”

Just 40 minutes later, during public comment, the council heard from several mobile homeowners.

“What these residents need is an emergency response from the city,” said Dr. Sylvia Herrera, who has been working with the community.

“We do not think it is right to make us move when we do not have anywhere to move to,” a woman told the council.

Another resident’s voice shook as she said, “This is more than just a notice and get out. We are going to be homeless.”

In October, just outside council chambers, residents of Periwinkle, along with residents of Las Casitas and Weldon Court mobile home parks, protested their displacement. Inside, they addressed elected officials. 

Speaking through an interpreter a man said, “We all have a family and I have a son that’s 14 years old. What am I supposed to tell him, that we have nowhere to go and that we have to go sleep in our truck?”

girl jumping in air and shooting ball toward a basket
Christina Estes/KJZZ
Periwinkle residents range in age from young children to senior citizens.

Preserving parks

Over the past few years, leaders in Austin, Texas, Portland, Oregon, and Kenmore, Washington, have rezoned parks to make it harder for developers to close them and build other housing or commercial projects.  

In Colorado, property owners must give 12-months notice when closing a park. And state law requires homeowners get the opportunity to buy it. Nineteen other states offer similar purchase laws but not Arizona.   

Arizona residents like Alondra Ruiz are eligible for state assistance to relocate their mobile homes when development forces them out. But many homes, like Ruiz’s, are too old for parks to accept because they were built before federal standards took effect.

GCU said, "Tenants can also have repairs made to their existing mobile homes through dollars GCU has donated to Habitat for Humanity, subject to Habitat for Humanity’s ability to make any given repair to a mobile home."

The state offers another option: Ruiz can abandon her home and collect $1,875.

“I’ve looked at places and I can’t find nothing,” she said. “I can’t find anything. We’re in a housing crisis. Everything is really either expensive or full or not available.”

mobile home in forefront with student housing complex in background
Christina Estes/KJZZ
Grand Canyon University student housing (in background) will expand to Periwinkle Mobile Home Park in Phoenix.

Based on federal guidelines, 46% of Phoenix households are considered extremely low, very low or low income. Another 19% are labeled low to moderate.

In 2020, Phoenix leaders approved a housing initiative to create or preserve 50,000 units by 2030. As of November 7, 2022, the city reported 25,157 have been created or preserved. That includes 17,717 market rate units, 3,581 workforce and 3,859 affordable, which applies to low-income households based on federal guidelines.

What’s not publicly tracked is the number of homes lost — like the 50 at Periwinkle Park.  

“They have every right — every legal right, they do have every legal right — but is it moral to move us?” Ruiz said.

"They have every right — every legal right, they do have every legal right — but is it moral to move us."
— Alondra Ruiz, Periwinkle resident

Phoenix City Manager Jeff Barton created a task force to research what can be done to preserve housing for some of the city’s most vulnerable homeowners. The council is expected to discuss the findings this month. 

Mobile home v. manufactured home

A key difference between a mobile home and a manufactured home is the date. Before 1976, there were no recognized industry standards for quality, durability and safety. The Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 authorized the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to establish federal standards. In 1976, HUD established the Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards (MHCSS), commonly known as the HUD code.

Homes built before 1976 are referred to as mobile homes and those built after 1976 are called manufactured homes. In 2000, Congress updated the 1974 Act. In addition to establishing design and construction standards, the federal action was intended to increase home ownership.

According to the Manufactured Housing Institute, almost 95,000 new homes were produced in 2020, which is about 9% of all single-family homes. Nearly 70% of new manufactured homes were placed on private property and 31% on manufactured home communities. The average new home sales price was $81,900 without land.

Manufactured Housing Institute

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